Mauritania is listed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as endemic for yellow fever.
In other cases, foreigners may be lured to Africa to meet their friend or prospective marriage partner and can become a kidnapping victim.
These scams typically result from connections made through internet dating schemes or chat rooms.
Once a virtual relationship develops, the Australian citizen can be asked by their friend or prospective marriage partner to send money to enable travel to Australia.
The local currency is the ouguiya which cannot be imported or exported.
Foreign currency on departure cannot be more than the amount declared on arrival.